Essay Adolescence Education Programme

Profile of Young People:

India is home to 253 million adolescents; young people in the age group of 10-19 years who comprise 21% of the country’s population (Census, 2011). Not only does this cohort represent India’s future in the economic realm, but its experience, attitudes and behaviours will largely determine whether India is able to realize the vision of an equitable civil society envisaged in its constitution.

Fortunately for all of us, adolescents see the challenges before them in fresh ways and are responding with enthusiasm and imagination. With the right investments, they can reach their full potential as individuals, leaders and agents of progress.  And the world clearly needs their energy, participation and skills. But delivering this transformation requires collective action on education, health, employment and a commitment to real civic engagement by diverse stakeholders including, Government Departments, academia, development partners and civil society organisations.

Sixty one percent boys and 53% girls in the age group of 15-19 (National Sample Survey, 66th Round, 2013) are enrolled in schools and these numbers are likely to increase making schools important spaces for reaching out to adolescents. In school settings, students not only acquire knowledge but also imbibe values, develop an understanding of social norms that finally influence their behaviours. School education also plays an important role in reinforcing or challenging stereotypes among young people. School-based interventions are feasible and cost effective as school going adolescents are easily accessible. Importantly, schools also have a social standing and recognition as institutions of learning. Hence, any intervention implemented through schools has enhanced credibility and acceptability.

The Life Stage of Adolescence

Adolescence is a very special period of a person’s life where an individual assumes a sense of self-identity and is marked by a myriad of emotions including enthusiasm, idealism, self-doubt and anxiety. It is a transitional phase between childhood and adulthood and is characterised by a number of physical, emotional, cognitive, intellectual and attitudinal changes.

Need for Adolescence Education:

Adolescence Education (AE) has been conceptualised as an educational response to the need for support, encouragement, clarifications and information that adolescents often express in order to make sense of their rapidly changing world.

Adolescence Education (AE) is guided by the National Curriculum Framework (NCF), 2005 which recommends that education should instil ‘independence of thought and action, sensitivity to others’ well-being and feelings, learning to respond to new situations in a flexible and creative manner, predisposition towards participation in democratic processes, and the ability to work towards and contribute to economic processes and social change.” Based on these principles, AE aims to provide young people with accurate, age appropriate and culturally relevant information; promote healthy attitudes and develop skills to enable them to respond to real-life situations effectively.

The Adolescence Education Programme (AEP)

At the national level, the Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) is co-ordinated by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) in partnership with the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). This programme is a major initiative within the larger Quality Improvement in Schools Scheme of MHRD.

The guiding principles of Adolescence Education clearly articulate that adolescents should be recognised as a positive and valuable resource that needs to be respected and appreciated rather than being treated as a problem, AEP should contribute towards realising the transformational potential of education and that the programme should enable adolescents to articulate their issues, know their rights, counter, shame and fear, build self-esteem and confidence, and develop ability to take on responsibility for self, relationships and (to an extent) the society around them. The guiding principles also recommend that AEP should influence the entire school curriculum and ethos rather than being a stand-alone program.

AEP Implementation Strategy

The interventions include support for integration of life skills and adolescent concerns in the learning materials of National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) at the secondary level. The other important program component is implemented through schools in the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) and Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS). This program component works through a cascade training approach that has created a pool of school system and board specific master trainers who orient nodal teachers who are further entrusted with the responsibility of transacting life skills based education to school students (classes 8, 9 and 11, ages 13 through 18) using interactive methodologies.

To facilitate the nodal teachers to transact life skills based education in the classroom, NCERT, with support from UNFPA has developed training and resource materials that recommend a minimum of 23 hours of transaction around the themes of understanding changes during adolescence and being comfortable with them, establishing and maintaining positive and responsible relationships, understanding and challenging stereotypes and discrimination related to gender and sexuality, recognizing and reporting abuse and violation, prevention of substance misuse and HIV/AIDS. To create an enabling environment for the implementation of the AE programme, advocacy sessions are organized with principals of participating schools and sensitisation sessions are held with parents.

What is ‘Adolescence Education Programme’ (AEP)?

The Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) is an important initiative that aims to empower young people with accurate, age appropriate and culturally relevant information, promote healthy attitudes and develop skills to enable them to respond to real life situations in positive and responsible ways. The program focuses on enhancing life skills to enable young people to tackle real-life situations effectively.

Why is AEP significant for India?

The Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) is an educational response to the needs, concerns and realities ofadolescents in India. It describes the realities of Indian adolescents, and adolescence education as a systematic response to address their concerns. It incorporates all the critical concerns of adolescent reproductive and sexual health (ARSH) in the specific context of Indian socio-cultural ethos.

How does AEP work for India? How does AEP get implemented in India?

The AEP ensures that schools will provide accurate and age appropriate life skills based adolescence education in a sustained manner to young people. The AEP was launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) in 2005 and is supported by United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). AEP being coordinated by National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) and implemented by national agencies, including Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). NCERT also implements the National Population Education Project (NPEP) in 30 states and union territories that encourages participation from state board schools on issues related to adolescent health and well being through creative and interactive group activities such as role plays, folk dance. AEP is also being implemented by States and Union Territories through SCERTs and State Boards with support of State AIDS Control Society (SACS).

Who are the implementing partners for AEP? What are their roles in implementing AEP in India?

Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) is implemented by different agencies at various levels. At the national level, the programme is co-ordinated by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) and implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The implementing agencies include National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) and Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS). The interventions include support for integration of life skills and adolescent concerns in the learning materials of National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) at the secondary level. The other important program component is implemented through schools in the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) and Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS). This program component works through a cascade training approach that has created a pool of school system and board specific master trainers who orient nodal teachers who are further entrusted with the responsibility of transacting life skills based education to school students (classes 8, 9 and 11, ages 13 through 18) using interactive methodologies. NCERT is also the coordinating agency on behalf of MHRD across 30 states and Union Territories and implements the National Population Education Project (NPEP) through state council of educational Research and Training (SCERT). These initiatives are part of the Quality Improvement in Schools Scheme of MHRD.

How AEP promotes Child Friendly Schools?

Adolescence Education (AE) is guided by the National Curriculum Framework (NCF), 2005 which recommends that education should instill ‘independence of thought and action, sensitivity to others’ well-being and feelings, learning to respond to new situations in a flexible and creative manner, predisposition towards participation in democratic processes, and the ability to work towards and contribute to economic processes and social change.” AE aims to empower young people through participatory, process oriented, non-judgmental approaches that build on the experiences of learners, provide them with opportunities to critically think, analyze and infer learning rather than prescribing a pre-determined set of behaviors. Activities like Question-Box, Group Discussion, Role Plays, Case Studies, Painting/Poster Competition, Essay Competitions and Quiz Contest are proving very effective in providing accurate and adequate informationto learners and inculcating in them positive attitude and developing the ability to respond to real life situations effectively.

What is the role of Master Trainers, Nodal Teachers and Principals to ensure successful implementation of AEP?

Master Trainers: The AEP has created school system and geography specific master trainers who orient nodal teachers. Nodal Teachers: Two teachers per school are considered nodal teachers. These teachers are selected against pre-determined criteria by the school principal and are the key persons responsible for effective implementation of AEP in schools. These nodal teachers are entrusted with orienting all the teachers in their school in approximately 23 hours within 2-3 months of receiving the training. Sensitized teachers transact AEP in grades 8 through 11 over 23 hours in an academic year. Nodal teachers are expected to contribute to advocacy related activities for aproper appreciation of needs of adolescents and the significance of AEP, particularly for the parents. Nodal teachers are also responsible for monitoring of the Programme and submission of monthly and annual reporting forms. Principal: They provide the needed space and time for effective implementation of AEP activities. They extend required support to teachers, and other trained personnel in school for planning and organizing AEP activities. They also provide constant support and encouragement to nodal teachers to conduct activities related to AEP. Principals ensure that the programme is monitored and reports sent as per agreed upon protocols. They encourage development in use of innovative methodologies for transaction of AEP themes and organization of Life Skills focused co-curricular activities.

What are the key themes covered under AEP?

The key themes covered under AEP are ‘understanding changes during adolescence and beingcomfortable with them, establishing and maintaining positive and responsible relationships, understandingand challenging stereotypes and discrimination related to gender and sexuality, understanding and reporting abuse and violation, prevention of HIV/AIDS and prevention of substance misuse.

What are the approaches for AEP transaction at school?

AEP focusses on participatory teaching-learning and curriculum transaction methods thatbuild on the experiences of learners rather than didactic and rote teaching methods. Curriculum transaction approaches of AE issues primarily focused on participatory and experiential modes of learning are effective for life skills development.

Does the national curriculum framework (NCF) talk about AE issues?

Adolescence Education (AE) is guided by the National Curriculum Framework (NCF), 2005 which recommends that education should instill ‘independence of thought and action, sensitivity to others’ wellbeing and feelings, learning to respond to new situations in a flexible and creative manner, predisposition towards participation in democratic processes, and the ability to work towards and contribute to economic processes and social change.” Based on these principles, AE aims to provide young people with accurate, age appropriate and culturally relevant information; promote healthy attitudes and develop skills to enable them to respond to real-life situations effectively.

Is it right to teach human reproduction in class 8 and 10?

Email (Question Box): 

manishprivet808@gmail.com

Every individual, has the right to get accurate, age appropriate and scientific information about physical and psychological development and changes, including sexual development. With research from all over the world showing  that puberty is advancing, it becomes all the more important to teach adolescents and young people about the human biological system as it enables them to better understand their experiences and clarify several myths and misconceptions attached to it. Having an accurate and comprehensive understanding about human reproduction makes them take more responsible decisions.

Why do we, teenagers, tend to develop a liking towards opposite sex?/Why at certain age students feels attraction towards others?

Email (Question Box): 

moheynikita13@gmail.com, sharmahemant108@yahoo.com

It is not only boys, but girls also get attracted to the opposite sex. Getting attracted to the opposite sex in adolescence is a normal and natural phenomenon. The female hormone, oestrogen is mainly responsible for the changes that occur in females while the male hormone testosterone is mainly responsible for the changes in males. All these changes are highly correlated with sexual development, as during adolescence significant physical changes take place in terms of development of secondary sexual characteristics. Any adolescent is curious and wants to find out more about the opposite sex which is perfectly healthy and normal. Although you may feel hesitant, you should talk to your parents or to a mature person about any queries you might have. Do not be embarrassed, as everyone; including the elders around you have gone through a similar phase. The more information you gather from authentic websites like www.aeparc.org on growing up, the less mysterious the subject will be. 

What do teachers do to counsel students involved in love affairs and other malpractices at a very tender age?

Email (Question Box): 

pretty_lalyan@live.com

Attitudes are formed at an early age, hence engaging with young people is important to help develop positive attitudes in them and thereby inculcating rational and responsible behaviour. Almost all adolescents undergo a phase similar to the one you are experiencing. Teachers usually have high expectations in academia from their students. This is usually because they feel that excellent academic performance alone can enable young people to live a good life. If they feel that the young person is deviating from the path of academic excellence, they get concerned and often times resort to counselling.  Teachers help you to access accurate and authentic sources so that young people like you develop life skill and take responsible decisions. Teachers perceive that counselling and in some situations punishment is the only way of bringing the child back on track. Teachers should make efforts and enable adolescents to discover their interest and motivate them to pursue it to the best of their abilities. 

How to stop bad habits related to internet?

Email (Question Box): 

abhishek.choudhury1001@gmail.com

Good habits are indeed part of a safety net. Hobbies such as reading books, music, sports, yoga, helping others or anything else that interests and inspires you can be a good stress buster and can rejuvenate an individual to focus on other responsibilities that s/he may have. Staying connected with friends, colleagues, family and relatives is good. Connecting on social networking sites like face book during the day is not harmful, but  you need to take stock of whether you are spending far too much time and neglecting other responsibilities that you have. This is true for any hobby you may have. You need to strike a balance!

What all courses can I take up after 12th if I'm a Science student also having Math as a subject?

Email (Question Box): 

dashprerana16@gmail.com

It is essential that you take a logical and scientific approach towards stream selection after your 12th examination. It is important to know what you are interested in and what the possible career paths that you are considering are. Most students suffer from under performance, de-motivation or loss of interest only because they get into a stream that they are not interested in. Too many young people feel pressured into making a choice before they are really sure of what they want to do later in their lives. There are various factors that contribute towards a successful career. One of the first considerations is a realistic and informed subject choice. Analyse your strengths and weaknesses in a particular subject. You need to gather as much information as possible that is required in a particular stream, talk to teachers and experts in that area and take a sensible decision for selecting the stream you are considering. It may be a good idea to talk to some of your role models to better understand the realities of the choices that you are considering.

How to avoid attraction from girls/How can I avoid girls?

Email (Question Box): 

Prasanghwasekar@rediffmail.com,iitianajitesh13@gmail.com

Friendships are gender neutral relationships. Rather than defining friendships by the sex of the friend, trust, mutual respect and honesty are the core elements of meaningful and positive friendships.  In any relationship, it is important to assess our feelings and communicate them honestly. Self-confidence and assertiveness are essential for maintaining positive relationships. Good friends enable us to discover our strengths, identify our weaknesses and help us to overcome them.  In most situations, feelings should be recognised rather than pretending they do not exist. Repressing feelings or pretending they do not exist can lead to frustration, anger and/or depression. At the same time, over-indulgence in feelings is also unhealthy, and can create many serious problems in life. We need to learn how to handle our feelings in a balanced way. 

I am PGT Math at JNV Almora, Uttarakhand I am a nodal teacher AEP (male). Can I show the PowerPoint presentation regarding AIDS and Substance Abuse to the students?

Email (Question Box): 

madhusudan.pandey51@gmail.com

In the AEP, resource persons and nodal teachers are individuals who have received an in-depth orientation to the programme at the national level and are entrusted with the responsibility of further orienting school teachers and students to respond to concerns of adolescents effectively. Since you are exposed to the AEP training programme you can contribute towards monitoring the programme, advocating with different stakeholders, such as the school staff, administrators or parents, suggesting innovations for improving the effectiveness of AEP, such as organizing theme-based activities for various stakeholders in consultation with your authorities. However, based on the level of maturity of the learners, you should introduce topics like AIDS and substance misuse by organising ‘Question box’ activity. You should encourage the learners to put questions into the box. At times seeking a response from the learners themselves using a participatory approach is also useful.  You should be open to your students about the topic and develop a rapport with them that would help create a level of comfort enabling them to enquire further and get the accurate and age appropriate information. The experience of AEP shows that teachers who have been trained are better able and comfortable talking about these issues. 

Is there any vaccine for AIDS?

Email (Question Box): 

vinumash@gmail.com

There is no vaccine for HIV. The virus has unique ways of evading the immune system, and the human body seems incapable of mounting an effective immune response against it. In the absence of any vaccine, education and being aware of the causes, prevention and management is critical.

Why do girls throw sanitary napkins in the toilets? Why don't they dispose them at the proper place? What is the solution?

Email (Question Box): 

mookammalchelliah@gmail.com

Good genital hygiene is particularly important for girls and women during periods. They may use sanitary napkins, or cloth. One should always use a clean sanitary napkin that should be changed frequently (every four to six hours) to prevent infections. If a cloth is used which needs to be reused, it should be washed thoroughly and disinfected by drying in the sun. Sanitary napkins should never be flushed down the toilet because it may clog the drainage system and lead to flooding of the toilet. After use, the sanitary pad should be wrapped in a newspaper or any waste paper and put in a garbage bin. It is also necessary to dispose of the contents of the garbage bin promptly because if the sanitary pad is left in the garbage bin for a long time, it will decay and emit a foul smell. It is therefore important to keep the garbage bin covered to prevent any foul smell from spreading in one’s house/ school and to dispose of the garbage promptly to prevent spread of diseases carried by flies and other insects that gather around these garbage bins. Schools should organize programmes related to maintenance of hygiene, focusing on this on a regular basis.

What is nocturnal emission?

Email (Question Box): 

snjnvk69@gmail.com

Nocturnal emission is the release of semen from the body during sleep among boys.  Many people also call it as night fall or wet dreams. Although most adolescent boys experience nocturnal emission during their puberty, it is not necessary that all should experience this. Nocturnal emission sometimes has a purely physiological basis. It is not necessarily accompanied by sexual feelings or dreams. It is completely normal and natural, nothing to be frightened, guilty or embarrassed about.

I’m 16 years old girl. I like someone. He also likes me so much. But I want to leave all these things for future. But I want true friendship and understanding between us. What should I do to make him understand my thinking?

Email (Question Box): 

hritika2899@gmail.com

Attraction and romantic feelings are a normal part of adolescence growing up. Love and relationships are gender neutral relations. In any relationship trust, mutual respect and honesty are core elements. It is important to assess the feelings and communicate them honestly. Self-confidence and assertiveness are essential for maintaining positive relationships. Good friends enable us to discover our strengths, identify our weaknesses and help us to overcome them.  In most situations, feelings should be recognised rather than pretending they do not exist. Repressing feelings or pretending they do not exist can lead to frustration, anger and/or depression. It is also important to remember that feelings cannot be imposed on anyone. One should be willing to express one’s feelings sincerely. However, the other person is free to respond based on his/ her feelings. At the same time, over-indulgence in feelings is also unhealthy, and can create many serious problems in life. We need to learn how to handle our feelings in a balanced way. However, as a young person, you may also explore interests and activities such as sports, fine arts, social service and hobbies that will develop one’s overall personality and strike a healthy balance in life.

Is it good to have a love relationship in school life?

Email (Question Box): 

prachi.punctual99@gmail.com

Friendship is a  gender neutral relationship. Rather than defining friendship by the sex of the friend, trust, mutual respect and honesty should be  the core  of the relationship.   In any relationship, it is important to assess ones feelings and communicate them honestly and at the same time honoring the socio- cultural boundaries. It is also important to understand one’s responsibility. Self-confidence and assertiveness are essential for maintaining positive relationships. Good friends enable us to discover our strengths, identify our weaknesses and help us to overcome them.  In most situations, feelings should be recognised rather than pretending they do not exist. Repressing feelings or pretending they do not exist can lead to frustration, anger and/or depression. At the same time, over-indulgence in feelings is also unhealthy, and can create many serious problems in life. As a young person you should explore interest in studies and also need to learn how to handle ones  feelings and relationships in a balanced way. 

I am a government teacher. I want to join the AEP. Is there any possibility?

Email (Question Box): 

sigaramsathish@gmail.com

We will be glad to have you as a member . Please visit the AEP website www.aeparc.org and register yourself as a member.  You can contribute to the E-Discussion Forum and also access relevant documents available on the website. Once privy to the resource materials you can interact with young students in your school, can advocate with different stakeholders, such as the school staff, administrators or parents by integrating theme-based activities in the existing / ongoing programme and activities on AEP. You can also share on the AEP-ARC portal work that you have done as a teacher.

How can I create interest in studies, because I feel lazy when I want to study? How can I get rid of laziness and continue to study for long time at night?

Email (Question Box): 

kumarvishwas42@yahoo.com

You need to make plans and set a goal which is realistic for yourself and as per your capability and interest.  Try and give importance to yourself and feel good about what you do. Utilise your positive traits in a productive way. Identify the factors which distract you from studies. You will be able to avoid the lethargy once you become aware of it.  It is also important to appreciate the good qualities in others and learn from them. You can consult your parents, teachers, or any other person you rely on and discuss this issue with them for advice. You are advised to engage in physical activity like sports and can do yoga in the morning.  You may also consult a doctor to find out any medical reasons for your laziness. It is important to recognize your positive attributes and strengths and work on it further.

If the family members are harassing us what should we do?

Email (Question Box): 

palrai171997@gmail.com

From your question, it is not clear what do you want to say in terms of harassment. During adolescence, almost all adolescents develop a strong sense of identity and have strong views about many issues. They may not always agree with their parents and other adults around them. This may lead to conflict between adolescents and their parents and family members. Adolescents should recognize that it is not necessary to agree with their parents or anyone else on everything, however, they must learn to express their thoughts and feelings and communicate them in a clear, honest and respectful manner without putting down either themselves or the other person/s. It is important to understand that they may have a point of view just as you have. Their thinking is naturally influenced by the rigorous modes of behaviour instilled in them during their own childhood. Adolescents, on the other hand, tend to behave in a manner which appears to be in contrast to the prevailing normal behaviour of adults. Parents also need to recognise that adolescence is a period of sudden and rapid growth and development among children. Parents should not feel that their adolescent child is disrespecting them. It is necessary for parents to encourage and guide adolescents on how they can take independent decisions in respect of various aspects of their life.

What is peer pressure?

Email (Question Box): 

guptauk70@gmail.com

It has been observed that young people are highly influenced by their peers and mimic their behaviors.  In many instances, young people are influenced by their peers to experiment with cigarettes, alcohol and other harmful substances. Peer pressure can be managed by being aware of the implications of drug abuse and developing skills to manage peer pressure. Young people should also be educated to recognize that a friend is someone who cares, protects and looks after the welfare of their friends rather than coerce them/ initiate them into unhealthy habits. Negative peer pressure may result in risky behaviour. Positive peer pressure can show up as support for each other in developing their talents, hobbies or non-normative behaviour such as boys doing housework or adolescent girls playing sports. Recent research with school-going adolescents indicates strong influence or such positive peer pressure (Concurrent evaluation AEP, 2011).

Is it necessary to explain about the Function and Structure of Sex Organs for Students of Classes VIII-IX?

Email (Question Box): 

bevarasreedhar@yahoo.com

 The explanations about function and structure of sex organ are already there in text books. However, based on the level of maturity of the learners, the teacher should introduce the topic by organizing question box activity. The teacher should encourage the learners to put questions into the box. Quite often a participatory approach in responding is also useful by asking learners who think they know the answers respond to them. Teachers should be open to their students about the topic and develop a rapport with them that would help create a comfort level enabling them to enquire further and get the accurate and age appropriate information. The experience of AEP shows that teachers who have been trained are better able and comfortable talking about these issues. 

I am 17 yrs old, but there are not many changes in my physical appearance, I look like 13-14 yrs old so what should I do?

Email (Question Box): 

abhinavsingh.300bc@gmail.com

Everyone matures and goes through changes in adolescence. All changes related to adolescence (physical, emotional, psycho-social and cognitive) do not take place at the same time and in the same way for everyone. Some people mature early, others later. As a result, it is possible that physical changes may take place early, but psycho-social changes take place later in the same individual. It may also happen the other way around. Two adolescents of the same age may have different levels of maturity, experiencing changes at varying pace. You are advised to do regular exercise and take nutritious food including green vegetables. 

Are having friends necessary during adolescence?

Email (Question Box): 

rishi.bffs@gmail.com

It is not necessary for everyone to have friends; however there is no harm in having friends. Friendships are gender neutral relationships. Trust, mutual respect and honesty are the core elements of meaningful and positive friendships.  Good friends can show up as support for each other in developing their talents, hobbies or non-normative behavior such as boys doing housework or adolescent girls playing sports. In many occasions in life, friends enable us to discover our strengths, identify our weaknesses and help us to overcome them.

Why there is a need of AEP?

Email (Question Box): 

praise.pretty@gmail.com

Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) aims to empower young people through participatory, process-oriented, non-judgmental approaches that build on the experiences of learners, provide them with opportunities to critically think, analyze and infer learning rather than prescribing a pre-determined set of behaviors. Activities like Question-Box, Group Discussion, Role Plays, Case Studies, Painting/Poster Competition, Essay Competitions and Quiz Contest are proving very effective in providing accurate and adequate information to learners and inculcating in them positive attitude and developing the ability to respond to real life situations effectively.

Can HIV virus survive outside the human body?

Email (Question Box): 

rush2kuntal@yahoo.com

Though we do not have authentic research on the aspect, however the available literature states that HIV is a fragile virus outside of the body and it needs the human body as its host. HIV does not survive long outside the human body, and it cannot reproduce. It is not spread by Air or water, Insects, including mosquitoes, Saliva, tears, or sweat. There is no documented case of HIV being transmitted by spitting, casual contact like shaking hands or sharing dishes, kissing and using Toilet seats.

Please convey me the composition of SRG (State Resource Group) & DRG (District resource Group in implementing AEP programme

Email (Question Box): 

coordshpani@gmail.com

I think you want to know about Resource Persons in Adolescence Education Programme (AEP). In AEP, Resource Persons are individuals who have received an in-depth training in the programme at the national level and are entrusted with the responsibility of further orienting school teachers to respond to concerns of adolescents effectively. These individuals are readily available human resources who can contribute towards monitoring the programme, advocating with different stakeholders, such as the school staff, administrators or parents, suggesting innovations for improving the effectiveness of AEP, such as organizing theme-based activities for various stakeholders. Essentially, they are the friends of Adolescence Education Programme. 

Why we teenagers attract toward girls and other wrong things?

Email (Question Box): 

shrotriyashivam1997@gmail.com

It is not only boys, but girls also get attracted to opposite sex. Getting attracted to the opposite sex in adolescence is a normal and natural phenomenon. The female hormone, oestrogen is mainly responsible for the changes in the females while the male hormone testosterone is mainly responsible for the changes in the males. All these changes are highly correlated with sexual development, as during adolescence significant physical changes take place in terms of development of secondary sexual characteristics. Adolescent does want to find out more about the opposite sex which is perfectly healthy and normal. Although you may feel hesitant, you should talk to your parents or to a matured person about any queries you might have. Do not be embarrassed, as everyone; including the elders around you have gone through a similar phase. The more information you collect on growing up from authentic sources, the less mysterious the subject will remain to you.

What are HIV and AIDS?

Email (Question Box): 

utkarsha.jadhav10@gmail.com

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes impairment to the immune system in humans. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is not genetically inherited. It is a condition caused by HIV virus. AIDS does not discriminate between classes, castes and communities. It spreads rapidly among people with high-risk behaviours such as persons who have multiple sex partners and injecting drug users who share needles. 

I am in class 11, why do parents and teachers always doubt on us?

Email (Question Box): 

anishaastar1@gmail.com

Yours is not an exceptional problem. Almost all adolescents develop a strong sense of identity and have strong views about issues. They may not always agree with their parents and other adults around them. This may lead to conflict between adolescents and their parents. Adolescents should recognize that it is not necessary to agree with their parents or anyone else on everything. However, they must learn to express their thoughts and feelings to communicate in a clear, honest and respectful manner without putting down either themselves or the other person/s. Parents are likely to have some similar experiences as the adolescents of today. Discussing issues would help them feel connected and reduce the `generation gap’. Even when the experiences are different, it can be interesting to know about and understand what has shaped the different views and thoughts of people in different generations. However, you must try to understand that they may have a point of view just as you have. Their thinking is naturally influenced by the rigorous modes of behaviour instilled in them during their own childhood. Adolescents on the other hand tend to behave in a manner which appears to be in contrast to the prevailing normal behaviour of adults.

Parents have to recognise that adolescence is a period of sudden and rapid growth and development among children. Adolescents develop a tendency to assert their identity, start taking their own decisions. Parents should not feel that their adolescent child is disrespecting them. They should respect the independent identity of adolescents. It is necessary for parents to encourage and guide adolescents on how they can take independent decisions in respect of various aspects of their life. 

I am talented, but I am being discouraged often. What should I do?

Email (Question Box): 

shubhamkumar.sk7@gmail.com

You should try to have an assertive communication with person/s disrespecting you. But before you have the conversation you must self-introspect and identify your positive qualities, and utilise those traits in a productive way. Awareness of positive traits and qualities will make you feel good and will enhance your self-esteem. You can also consult your parents, teachers, any other person whom you trust and have a discussion. Feel good and give importance to yourself. Inculcate feelings of positivity, feel good about yourself and things will be better for you. It is also important to recognize that nobody can be good at everything. Try to develop your qualities and also focus on taking care of your weaknesses. 

What is sex?

Email (Question Box): 

kumar.sujit927@gmail.com

Sex is biologically determined and is either male or female. Adolescence begins with the onset of puberty. Hormonal changes initiate the physical and physiological changes in the body. The female hormone, oestrogen is mainly responsible for the changes in females while the male hormone testosterone is mainly responsible for the changes in males. All these changes are highly correlated with sexual development, as during this period significant physical changes take place in terms of development of secondary sexual characteristics. Although you may feel hesitant, you should talk to your parents or to a matured person about any queries you might have related to your body and growing up. Do not be embarrassed, as everyone; including the elders around you have gone through a similar phase. The more information you collect on sex from authentic sources, the less mysterious the subject will seem to you. 

I am very confused, since I don't know what should I study in 11thclass?

Email (Question Box): 

upadhyaypratiksha20@gmail.com

Choosing a career is a matter of great joy and responsibility. It is important that you spend sufficient time in exploring your interests and finding out enough about the possible career choices that you may have so that you take an informed decision and are comfortable with the choice you make. We would recommend that first you think through the reasons you want to make a particular career choice and then share your views with your parents, friend/ sibling.  You can also consult professional career counsellors and seek their advice. There are several young people who face similar dilemmas. It is important to present your preferences of career choice before your parents, teachers and well-wishers. You need to make plans and set a goal which is realistic for yourself considering your capabilities and interest.

Why is talking with girls in public seen as taboo?

Email (Question Box): 

vaishnu28@gmail.com

Both boys and girls should be treated equally. In the socialisation process, gender based stereotypes dictate certain kinds of behaviour and practices which are prevalent in society.  Qualities like bravery, shyness, weakness and strength are not ‘male’ or ‘female’. Qualities don’t have a gender. A woman can be strong, a man can be shy. Society promotes certain notions about masculine or feminine qualities. These messages are present in many things around us, in the songs we hear, the movies we watch, the games we play, the books we read. Family members, neighbours and even friends can give us these messages about how girls and boys should behave. For example, a boy who is crying is likely to hear ‘boys don’t cry’ from family as well as friends. These ideas are called gender stereotypes and are reinforced by socialization. There is a need to change mindsets to respect women in the society. The attitude towards women needs to be altered only then we can expect gender equality in the real sense of the word. 

I am a student of class 11; I am underweight (38 kg) & short in height (5feet)? Please suggest me what should I do?

Email (Question Box): 

sudeekshanegi@yahoo.in

Everyone matures and goes through changes in adolescence. All changes related to adolescence (physical, emotional, psycho-social and cognitive) do not take place at the same time and in the same way for everyone. Some people mature early, others later.. As a result, it is possible that physical changes may take place early, but psycho-social changes take place later in the same individual. It may also happen the other way around. Two adolescents of the same age may have different levels of maturity, experiencing changes at varying pace. You are advised to do regular exercise and take nutritious food including green vegetables. 

Is it compulsory to stay clean in winter seasons?

Email (Question Box): 

maimunaid12@gmail.com

Keeping your body clean is an important part of keeping healthy and helping you to feel good about yourself. Caring about the way you look is important to your self-esteem. With a clean body, clean hair, clean clothes and shoes, you will feel good and your friends will be happy to be in your company.  Also, genitals should be treated like any other part of the body and should be cleaned daily.

My interest in studies is diminishing. How can I develop my habit of studying properly?

Email (Question Box): 

vedant.tiwari.2409@gmail.com

You need to make plans and set a goal which is realistic for yourself and as per your capability.  Try and give importance to yourself and feel good about what you do. Utilise your positive traits in a productive way. Identify the factors which distract you from the study. You will be able to avoid the distraction once you become aware of it.  You can consult your parents, teachers, or any other person you rely on and discuss this issue with them for advice. It is important to recognize that nobody can be good at everything. It is also important to appreciate the good qualities in others and learn from them. 

Why love relationship among adolescents is considered a disgrace in Indian society?

Email (Question Box): 

danishsumo@gmail.com

In Indian society, parents and teachers usually have high expectations from their children and students only in academic performance. This is normally so because they feel that academic excellence alone can enable young people live a good life while love and other relationships in adolescents will distract them from achieving their goal. When they find that their ward is deviating from academics, they get concerned and often times resort to punishing them either verbally or physically.  While parents perceive punishment as the only way of bringing the child back to focus on academic performance, adolescents feel hurt and disappointed. Many of them may even get discouraged and take an even lesser interest in academia and life. Adolescents and their parents and teachers should interact more so that they appreciate one another’s concerns and understand each other better. 

Why boys/girls are attracted to opposite sex during adolescence?

Email (Question Box): 

komalakumarit.rajan@gmail.com

Getting attracted to the opposite sex in adolescence is a normal and natural phenomenon. The female hormone, oestrogen is mainly responsible for the changes in the females while the male hormone testosterone is mainly responsible for the changes in the males. All these changes are highly correlated with sexual development, as during adolescence significant physical changes take place in terms of development of secondary sexual characteristics. Adolescent does want to find out more about the opposite sex which is perfectly healthy and normal. Although you may feel hesitant, you should talk to your parents or to a matured person about any queries you might have. Do not be embarrassed, as everyone; including the elders around you have gone through a similar phase. The more information you collect on sex from authentic sources, the less mysterious the subject will seem to you.

How do I know that a girl/boy is interested in me?

Email (Question Box): 

k.shubham84@yahoo.in

Being attracted to the opposite sex and wanting to find out more about them are perfectly healthy and normal for any person in the adolescence age. Boys and girls can be friends and enable one another to improve upon themselves. There can also be feelings of attraction between girls and boys. However, feelings cannot be imposed on anyone. Trust, mutual respect and honesty are the core elements of friendship.  In any relationship, it is important to assess our feelings and communicate them honestly. Self-confidence and assertiveness are essential for maintaining positive relationships. Good friends enable us to discover our strengths, identify our weaknesses and help us to overcome them.  In most situations, feelings should be recognised rather than pretending they do not exist. Repressing feelings or pretending they do not exist can lead to frustration, anger and/or depression. At the same time, over-indulgence in feelings is also unhealthy, and can create many serious problems in life. We need to learn how to handle our feelings in a balanced way. 

Very often I lose my concentration and divert myself very towards laptop, TV. Please suggest me a good time table for reading normal subjects?

Email (Question Box): 

padmavathisplr@gmail.com

As boys and girls grow up they experience rapid physical growth and development that are accompanied by marked psycho-social and emotional changes. Many adolescents get carried away during this stage of growing up and are unable to concentrate and focus on their studies. You need to make plans and set a goal which is realistic for yourself considering your capabilities. Feel good and give importance to yourself. Utilise your positive traits in a productive way. Identify the factors which distract you from the study, try to avoid them. You can consult your parents, teachers, any other person whom you rely on and have a discussion. Inculcate feelings of positivity, feel good about yourself and things will be better for you. It is also important to recognize that nobody can be good at everything. Recognize your qualities and weaknesses further develop your qualities and also focus on taking care of your weaknesses. It is important to appreciate the good qualities in others and learn from them. You are the best judge and best planner for yourself. You have to help yourself to find out how you can utilize your time for an optimum balance of fun and work.

Can boys and girls be friends in the class?

Email (Question Box): 

shanmugapriyasureshviji@gmail.com

Physical attraction to the opposite sex is a part of growing up. It is natural and normal. Friendships are gender neutral relationships. Trust, mutual respect and honesty are the core elements of meaningful and positive friendships.  In any relationship, it is important to assess our feelings and communicate them honestly. Self-confidence and assertiveness are essential for maintaining positive relationships. However, over-indulgence in feelings is also unhealthy, and can create many serious problems in life. Good friends enable us to discover our strengths, identify our weaknesses and help us to overcome them.  In most situations, feelings should be recognised rather than pretending they do not exist. Repressing feelings or pretending they do not exist can lead to frustration, anger and/or depression. It is also important to remember that feelings cannot be imposed on anyone. One should be willing to express one’s feelings sincerely. However, the other person is free to respond based on his/ her feelings. We need to learn how to handle our feelings in a balanced way. However, as a young person, you may also explore interests and activities such as sports, fine arts, social service and hobbies that will develop one’s overall personality and strike a healthy balance in life.

How does breast develop in boys?

Email (Question Box): 

kamaljhanu@gmail.com

Everyone matures and goes through the changes in adolescence; this does not take place at the same time and in the same way for everyone. Physical changes take place in all boys and girls. Breast development is one of the first signs of puberty among girls. In boys too the breast develops. Sometimes the breast can become prominent; however, this eventually will subside on its own. However, if there is an unusual enlargement of the male breast, it is advisable to consult a doctor.  

0 Thoughts to “Essay Adolescence Education Programme

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *