Supply And Demand Essay
1823 Words8 Pages
Laws of Supply and Demand
The market price of a good is determined by both the supply and demand for it. In the world today supply and demand is perhaps one of the most fundamental principles that exists for economics and the backbone of a market economy. Supply is represented by how much the market can offer. The quantity supplied refers to the amount of a certain good that producers are willing to supply for a certain demand price. What determines this interconnection is how much of a good or service is supplied to the market or otherwise known as the supply relationship or supply schedule which is graphically represented by the supply curve. In demand the schedule is depicted graphically as the demand curve which represents the…show more content…
This causes the price and the quantity move in opposite directions in a supply curve shift. Also, if the quantity supplied decreases at any given price the opposite will happen.
A sudden increase or decrease in the supply of a particular good is also known as a supply shock. A supply shock is an event that suddenly changes the price of a product or service. This sudden change affects the equilibrium price. The two types of supply shocks that exist are the Negative Supply shock and the Positive Supply shock. A negative supply shock, which is a sudden supply decrease, will raise the prices and shift the aggregate supply curve to the left. A negative supply shock can cause stagflation due to the combination of raising prices and the falling output. Meanwhile a positive supply shock, an increase in supply, will lower the price of a good and shift the aggregate supply curve to the right. A positive supply shock could be advancement in technology which most certainly makes production more efficient which thus increases output. For example a positive supply shock could be shown in the early 1990s when communication and information technology exploded which resulted directly in productivity increase, and an example of a negative supply shock would be that of the high oil prices associated with Arab oil embargo of the early 70s is the classic example of this occurrence. Any other factor could also produce this effect. Such as if
Supply and Demand Essay example
1735 Words7 Pages
Different market decisions determine how an economy is run. There are several different factors that account for how markets make their decisions, which determines how they function. The theory of markets mostly depends on supply and demand. However, it is key to note that there is a difference in demand/supply and quantity demanded/supplied. A demand is how much the buyer plans to purchase at various markets prices and the quantity demanded is what the buyer actually purchases at a particular price. Supply is the producer or the seller’s plan of the amount the seller will make available at different market prices and the quantity supplied is the actual amount that the seller makes available at a particular market price. It is important to…show more content…
This article describes how and why there has been an increase in demand even though there are ethical issues. The article states, “‘People want it. It’s legal,’ said Dr. Michael Feinman, medical director of HRC Fertility offices in Westlake Village and Encino. ‘In a competitive market, it’s obviously a way to acquire other patients’” (“Lab Methods”).
This is a perfect example of a change in demand; when the demand increases, at the same or even a higher price, more quantity is demanded. In the figure below, a shift to the right in the demand curve signifies an increase in demand.
There are several factors that cause changes in demand, such as consumer tastes and preferences, consumer income, consumer expectations, prices of other related products, and the number of buyers or consumers. In the example of people wanting to pick the gender of their children, the increase in the demand curve can be attributed to a change in consumer tastes and preferences as well as the number of buyers. From the article, there has been in increase the amount of people who want to balance their families and pick the gender of their child. This illustrates the concept of an increase in consumer tastes, ultimately causing a shift in demand. The article also states that the number of people interested in picking the gender of their chills has increased, signifying a rise in the number of buyers. This