Step One: Read your assignment!
Make sure you have a clear idea of how many sources you need, how many annotations you need, and what types of sources you are looking for.
Step Two: Make sure you have a clear and concise topic to research.
Start with a topic that interests you and falls within the requirements of your assignment. Leave room for flexibility. You may not be able to find enough sources for the topic you want, so be willing to change your topic slightly, if necessary. Look up some synonyms (words that have the same meanings) for your topic.
Step Three: Find books, articles, or websites.
Do the research! Compile a list of sources that pertain to your topic.
Make sure you are looking for full text when searching for journal articles in a database.
Step Four: Read your sources critically and carefully!
Examine and review the items to make sure you can find the information you need. Take notes so you can use them in your summary. Choose the number of sources your assignment requires.
Don't just read the abstract. (For more information on abstracts, see the second box on the left side of this page).
Step Five: Create your annotated bibliography. This can be done right in Noodletools (for more information on Noodletools see the box on the top left side of this page).
- Cite the source (book, article, etc.) using the style your instructor requested (MLA, APA, etc.).
- Write a brief summary or description of your article in your own words, in paragraph form.
- Evaluate your source . Make sure to check for guidelines given to you by your instructor. If there are none, try the CRAAP method:
- Currency: Is this source current? When was it written? Check your assignment for guidelines on dates.
- Relevance: Write one or more brief sentences that draw conclusions about how this source relates directly to your research. Why did you choose this source for your particular topic. How does it make your paper more accurate, credible, and informative?
- Authority and Accuracy: Write one or more sentences that talk about the credibility of the source. This can include information about the background of the author and/or information about the research methods used, and the intended audience of the research. Who wrote the article or book? Why did they write this? Who is the content written for? Is the information supported by evidence? Does the information provided conflict with what you already know about the topic?
- Purpose: Write one or more sentences that draw conclusions about the information in this souce. What did you learn from it? Compare this source to other sources. Why is this source important compared to other sources? Why does this information exist?
Remember you are aiming for around 150 words. So be as concise as possible.
For more information on the CRAAP Method, see the "More Information" box on the bottom left of this page.
THERE’S A HOUSE INSIDE MY MOMMY
Albert Whitman, 2002
Through its easy-to-read, rhyming text and colorful drawings depicting a loving, growing family, There’s a House Inside My Mommy addresses the natural curiosity an older toddler/young preschooler might have when mom is expecting a new baby. The book’s illustrations portray a loving, child-centered family with equal involvement from both mom and dad. The story addresses the physical changes a sibling-to-be might notice during mom’s pregnancy, while reassuring the child that s/he will continue to be just as special to mom and dad as s/he already is. Because this book does not discuss or picture the actual birth setting, family sleeping arrangements or infant feeding methods, it is suitable for a wide variety of families.
Anholt, Catherine & Laurence
SOPHIE AND THE NEW BABY
A wonderful book about the many mixed feelings a child may go through while adjusting to the birth of a sibling, from anticipation to a sense of loneliness, from anger to happiness. Beautifully illustrated, the book suggests a correlation between the passing of seasons and changing emotions. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS Jan-Feb 2003.)
AND AFTER THAT
This loving sequel to What’s Inside engages the child with colorful images, funny text, and flaps that are lifted to reveal what happens after various situations, such as after putting on socks and making a mess. The book shows the child that although there will be changes after her new sibling arrives, they aren’t necessarily bad ones. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, Jan-Feb 2003.)
Gentle and humorous lift-the-flap book that shows a young child what is inside a number of everyday objects and what is inside mom when a baby is growing. The final illustration shows the cuddly baby being held by her older brother, at last. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, Jan-Feb 2003).
EVERYBODY HAS FEELINGS: Todos Tenemos Sentimientos
Gryphon House, 1997
Beautiful candid black and white photos of multiracial, mostly African-American, children. Photos and simple text in English and Spanish effectively illustrate a wide range of feelings.
Bernhard, Emery and Durga
A RIDE ON MOTHER’S BACK: A Day of Baby Carrying Around the World
Gulliver Books, 1996
Families from across the globe meet the needs of their youngest members in this colorful children’s book. Babies and toddlers are carried in a wide variety of slings and backpacks. Several illustrations include nursing.
WHAT IS LOVE?
Veronica Lane, 1996
Charming illustrations and thoughtful text explore the question, “What is Love?” A wonderful read-aloud for children four and older.
BREASTFEEDING IS SPECIAL
Gateway Maternal and Health Consortium, 1998
This bilingual coloring book reassures the older sibling that mother will breastfeed the new baby, that breastfeeding is special, and that s/he will always be loved.
Camp, Lindsay and Jonathan Langley
THE BIGGEST BED IN THE WORLD
This children’s picture book tells the story of Ben’s dad who goes on a search for an ever-bigger bed to share with his ever-growing family. Parents and children alike will admire the creative ways this father seeks to meet the nighttime needs of his entire family. Breastfeeding-friendly, although there is a bottle in one illustration.
MOMMY BREASTFEEDS OUR BABY
Realistic drawings and simple text helps children to understand breastfeeding as a natural and special way to feed the new baby. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, May-June 1998.)
HOW YOU WERE BORN
Morrow, rev. ed. 1994
This sensitive book tells how a baby grows from an egg cell, lives inside the mother’s uterus, and is born–at home, in the hospital, or by cesarean. Beautiful black-and-white photographs capture parents’ and siblings’ excitement about the new baby, while the text describes all that babies see and feel. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, May-June 1998.)
WILL THERE BE A LAP FOR ME?
Albert Whitman, 1992
This beautifully illustrated book chronicles the older sibling’s transition as the new baby is added to the family. Of course, there will be a lap for big brother, even if the baby seems to be nursing all the time. Inexpensive format and attractive portrayal of an African-American family add to this book’s appeal.
CHILDREN’S PROBLEM-SOLVING SERIES:
I Want It; I Want to Play; Mommy, Don’t Go; My Name Is not Dummy; I’m Lost; I Can’t Wait
Parenting Press, 2nd ed., 1996
An excellent series of interactive problem-solving books for children. Each story describes a child in a common childhood situation and explores alternatives and outcomes for each. The books model thinking before acting, choosing among different options, and how one’s behavior affects others. Some readers may be uncomfortable with the book, Mommy, Don’t Go, which does not include mother staying home as an option. The series promotes discussion between parents and children about problem-solving and helps children take responsibility for their feelings and problems.
DEALING WITH FEELINGS SERIES: I’m Mad; I’m Scared; I’m Proud; I’m Excited; I’m Frustrated; I’m Furious
Parenting Press, 2nd Ed. (some titles), 1992, 1994
An excellent series of interactive problem-solving books for children. Each book presents a child whose strong feelings are causing a problem or dilemma. The story then explores alternatives and outcomes for each situation. Especially helpful for parents of children who get upset talking about their feelings or when parent or child is at a loss when dealing with strong emotions. Reinforces loving guidance, and promotes parent-child interaction.
I AM A LITTLE KANGAROO
This cute toddler-sized book tells about the birth and life of a baby kangaroo, and includes nursing as a normal part of his daily life.
ABC FEELINGS BOOK
Adage Publications, rev. ed. 1991
Promotes discussion of feelings by associating each letter of the alphabet with a different emotion. Appropriate for children ages 3-8. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, Jan-Feb 1992.)
Deutschbein, Mary Joan
LLLI, rev. ed., 1999
This revised version of the classic weaning book has a new look. The story remains a delightful, child’s eye view of the nursing experience. As Maggie reflects on the time she once spent at her mother’s breast, she offers her thoughts on the joys and challenges of slowly leaving breastfeeding behind. (First edition reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, May-June 1998.)
EATING THE ALPHABET
Illustrated in Ehlert’s bright and appealing style, this book introduces the family to common and uncommon fruits and vegetables from A-Z.
PJ AND PUPPY
PJ and his new puppy learn about potties, papers, and staying dry. Colorful drawings, positive message, and simple text are on the child’s level. A fresh approach to the potty discussion.
WE HAVE A BABY
Bright, clear drawings of positive family interactions and nursing baby make this an excellent book for the young child about to become a big brother or sister. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, May-June 1998.)
ONCE UPON A POTTY
Harper Collins, 1999
This cute story helps parents to look upon potty training as a delightful new skill to teach their child, rather than as a necessary, yet unpleasant task.
ON THE DAY YOU WERE BORN
Harcourt Brace, 1991
This beautifully written children’s book celebrates a baby’s birth, as the world around him rejoices. Colorful collages present the many natural rhythms and cycles that connect the developing baby to the other inhabitants and physical processes in the world. An appendix explains the science behind these natural wonders.
THE BROWNE TWINS BOOKS
Twin Pleasures Publishing, 1993
Book 1, The Twins’ Beginning! tells the story of the news of the twins’ birth. Book 2, The Twins Come Home! tells of life at home for the Browne family, as the twins keep their parents on the go.
WE ADOPTED YOU, BENJAMIN KOO
Albert Whitman, 1992
A loving, reassuring story of interracial adoption and how the family copes as the child grows and asks about his origins. Benjamin explains how he feels about being adopted and how exciting it is to welcome his new sister from Brazil.
YOU WERE BORN ON YOUR VERY FIRST BIRTHDAY
Albert Whitman, 1992
Tells the story of an expectant mother waiting for the birth of her child. It explains the process of the baby growing inside the mother, the sounds and feelings the baby experiences, and the joy the family feels when the baby is born. (Reviewed in New Beginnings, July-Aug 1992.)
Harris, Robie, illustrations by Michael Emberley
HAPPY BIRTH DAY
Candlewick Press, 1996
This beautifully illustrated book tells a child about how he was born. It shows the loving interaction of both mother and father with the newborn. Mother is shown breastfeeding the baby. The overall message is how much this baby is loved. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, May-June 1998.)
BIG LIKE ME
A charming story of big brother introducing his new sibling to the delights of his first year. Baby is shown breastfeeding and riding in a soft baby carrier. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, May-June 1998.)
Knight, Margery Burns
Tilbury House, 1998
A children’s book that adults will enjoy. Welcoming Babies portrays family and community traditions for celebrating the arrival of a baby. Colorful, multicultural illustrations. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, May-June 1998.)
YOU’RE JUST WHAT I NEED
Harper Collins, 1999
The strength of the mother-child bond is reinforced in this account of a delightful game of hide-and-seek. The soft, life-like illustrations add to the coziness of the text.
Albert Whitman, 2001
With humorous and comforting illustrations, this book talks about many ways human and animal mothers care for their babies. The emphasis is on gentleness and holding, and it ends with the sentiment that “all moms are Supermoms!” Includes an index about how animal mothers care for their babies to provide details for curious toddlers and preschoolers. Ages 2-5.
WE LIKE TO NURSE
Large, bright pictures and short, simple sentences present breastfeeding as a natural part of life for many different kinds of animals–and human “animals,” too. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, May-June 1998.)
Harper Festival, 1999
A beautifully illustrated board book that is perfect to read to the very youngest nursling.
While breastfeeding does not appear in this board book, the illustrations and text repeatedly reinforce the importance of the father to a child’s attachment and sense of self. Few children’s books emphasize the father’s role in child rearing. Here, fathers teach baby birds to sing and keep baby penguins warm, along with building new dams for baby beavers.
Metropolitan Museum of Art
MMA & Gulliver, 1997
This special songbook presents lullabies from around the world paired with beautiful fine art reproductions from the collection of the Metropolitan Museum in New York, USA. Includes musical arrangements for piano and guitar.
I WAS BORN TO BE A SISTER
Platypus Media, 2001
For the child in your life with a new baby sister or brother, this colorful picture book depicts the stages that an older sister goes through with a younger sibling: the new adventure stage, the tortured by a toddler stage, and finally, the friendship stage. Also includes a song with accompaniment just for sisters. Ages 3-7. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, Jan-Feb 2003.)
IF MY MOM WERE A PLATYPUS: Animal Babies and Their Mothers
Platypus Media, 2001
A fascinating introduction to the world of mammals. Learn about the birth and early stages of development of 14 different mammals, including the hooded seal, the pacific gray whale, the polar bear, and the human. Breastfeeding is simply a normal way of life for the creatures featured in this engaging, encyclopedic animal book. Ages 6-12.
LOOK WHAT I SEE! WHERE CAN I BE? In the Neighborhood
Platypus Media, 2001
In the Neighborhood follows a baby around town and captures the life of a family which practices attachment parenting as they shop, go to the doctor, and visit an aquarium. While the colorful pictures are ideal for babies, the guess game of where the baby goes next will keep toddlers entertained as well.
I WAS BORN TO BE A SISTER
Platypus Media, 2001
For the child in your life with a new baby sister or brother, this colorful picture book depicts the stages that an older sister goes through with a younger sibling: the adventure stage, the tortured by a toddler stage, and finally, the friendship stage. Also includes a song with accompaniment just for sisters. Ages 3-7. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, Jan-Feb 2003.)
BREASTMILK MAKES MY TUMMY YUMMY
Midsummer Press, 1999
A delightful child-sized view of the joys of breastfeeding!
Myers, Anne Marie
MAMA MEANS MILK
A children’s book that shows babies nursing in a variety of situations and demonstrates that breastfeeding is about much more than food. This book is especially valuable for its focus on toddler nursing.
WELCOME WITH LOVE
Kane/ Miller, 1999
First published in Australia, Welcome with Love is a warm look at homebirth from big brother Jack’s perspective. The family and midwife are very much involved as the mother does the hard work of giving birth to a baby boy. The book ends with a lovely illustration of the whole family tucked up together for the night. Each stage of labor and delivery is shown with graphic, but not frightening illustrations and explanations. May be too explicit for some tastes.
I WISH I COULD HOLD YOUR HAND: A Child’s Guide to Grief and Loss
I Wish I Could Hold Your Hand explores a child’s experience of grief in a variety of circumstances, such as a friend or family member moving away or the death of a pet or relative. By validating children’s feelings, Dr. Palmer encourages a compassionate discussion between children and adults on this difficult subject.
MICHELE THE NURSING TODDLER: A Story of Growing Up
This sweet story with beautiful watercolor illustrations tells about the many things Michele can do as she grows up. Through all of her adventures, Michele can always return to the warmth of her mother’s arms and the love of her family.
FOOD FROM MOMMY
Precious story of a little girl’s development from birth to weaning, describing the gradual progression from exclusive breastfeeding to first foods and on to a gradual weaning. A tale of weaning from a child’s perspective, with black and white Japanese-style illustrations.
THE WONDERS OF MOTHER’S MILK
The Wonders of Mother’s Milk is a multicultural information book for the 5 plus age group that presents a positive view of breastmilk and breastfeeding. Children will love the illustrations of families going about their days with mother nursing close by.
Rotner, Shelley and Sheila Kelly
Dorling Kindersley, 1999
Brilliant, striking photographs and easy-to-understand text celebrate the many feelings that twins and their siblings have about themselves and others. It is affirming to twins and informing to those who love them.
Salt, JS , ed.
ALWAYS KISS ME GOODNIGHT: Instructions for Raising Perfect Parents
Parenting wisdom from 147 children who offer drawings and their own words in response to the question, “If I could tell my parents how to raise me, I’d tell them…” Candid, warm, and inspiring.
THE WAY MOTHERS ARE
Albert Whitman, 2000
This classic storybook tells the tale of a little kitten who explains why his mother always loves him … even if he’s naughty and especially when he’s nice. Black and white color illustrations. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, July-Aug 1992.)
ON MOTHER’S LAP
Houghton Mifflin, 1992
The warm, expressive illustrations of an Eskimo family combined with a gently repetitive text will reassure preschoolers that “there is always room on Mother’s lap,” even if the lap must be shared with a new sibling. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, Mar-Apr 1986.)
Sears, William and Martha and Christie Kelly
BABY ON THE WAY
Little Brown, 2001
Delightful childrens’ book which helps siblings anticipate the arrival of a new baby by comparing some of the things a mother experiences while pregnant and giving birth to experiences a child can easily relate to. Informative and fun! (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, Jan-Feb 2003).
Sears, William, Martha Sears & Christie Kelley
EAT HALTHY, FEEL GREAT
Little Brown, 2002
Parent resource, teaching tool, and picture book for 5-9 year olds gives children the nutrition information they need to choose a healthful diet. Simple recipes are included as well as illustrations featuring red-, yellow-, and green-light foods and a happy, warm attachment-parenting family.
Sears, William, Martha Sears & Christie Kelley
YOU CAN GO TO THE POTTY
Little Brown, 2002
Outstanding picture book and parent resource deals with toilet learning in a developmentally appropriate way, featuring handy “answers for the very curious.” Charming illustrations reflect attachment parenting and family-oriented activities.
THE BEST GIFTS
Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 1999
A beautiful children’s book featuring glowing watercolor images of nursing. Born in to a loving family, Sara grows up before our eyes and passes the priceless gift of breastfeeding on to her own child. American, Canadian, and Internet breastfeeding resources are included. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, Jan-Feb 2000.)
LLLI, 1993 This children’s book captures the warmth and love a family experiences when children are drawn to the security of their parents’ bed.
I AM A HOMESCHOOLER
Albert Whitman & Company, 1995
The narrator of this story is a nine-year-old homeschooler. Beautiful hand-tinted photos add to a charming, informative text about a loving family going about its day. This day-in-the-life approach supports the experience of a homeschooled child and also answers many questions children or parents might have about a homeschooling way of life.
BREASTFEEDING: NATURE’S WAY
A powerful 12-page comic book for children 9 and up which features two children discussing the importance of breastfeeding and its environmental impact. One of a kind!
MORE MORE MORE, Said the Baby
This simple, warmhearted book for toddlers captures the love and playfulness between the children and their adult playmates.
ONLY THE CAT SAW
A beautifully illustrated story about a cat who sees the sunset, the sunrise, the rain, and the mother breastfeeding the baby while everyone in the family is busy doing other things. (Reviewed in NEW BEGINNINGS, May-June 1998.)
Krane/ Miller, 1999
Humorous and informative book for children about breasts. We learn how breasts are formed, how they make milk and why breast milk is so wonderful for babies. May be too explicit for some tastes.
GERALD THE THIRD
Delightful children’s book about family life and adjusting to a new, breastfed baby, seen through the eyes of a six-year-old. (Out of print.)
Filed Under: Information for Leaders, Information for MothersTagged With: Books, Breastfeeding Information, For Children