TOEFL® Score Scales
Score of zero (0)
Although the score range for each of the 4 test sections (Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing) is from 0 to 30, each section is a separate measure and each measure has its own scale. Therefore, scores obtained on a section can be compared to other scores from the same section, but it is not appropriate to compare scores across different sections.
The Reading and Listening sections are scored by computer with a score range from 0 to 30. The Reading section has 36–56 tasks based on reading passages from academic texts and answering questions. The Listening section has 34–51 tasks based on listening to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answering questions.
- Each of 6 tasks is rated from 0 to 4. The sum is converted to a scaled score of 0 to 30.
- ETS-certified test scorers rate responses and evaluate how well you develop your topic and deliver your message in English.
See the TOEFL iBT Speaking Section Scoring Guide.
- The 2 tasks are rated from 0 to 5. The sum is converted to a scaled score of 0 to 30.
- The Writing section is scored by:
- evaluating the integrated writing task for development, organization, grammar, vocabulary, accuracy and completeness
- rating the independent writing essay on overall writing quality, including development, organization, grammar and vocabulary
- Human rating — multiple, rigorously trained raters score tests anonymously. ETS raters are continually monitored to ensure fairness and the highest quality.
- eRater® automated scoring technology is used with human ratings to score the independent and integrated writing tasks. Using both human judgment for content and meaning with automated scoring for linguistic features ensures consistent, quality scores.
See the TOEFL iBT Writing Section Scoring Guide.
Free Sample TOEFL Essays
Learning to write well is a skill, like any other. This skill is important not only on your TOEFL exam, but also in your academic and professional career. The TOEFL Writing section consists of two parts:
- Integrated Writing, which includes reading, listening and then writing a summary/ comparison piece of 250 word in 20 minutes
- Independent Writing, which involves writing a four to five-paragraph essay of 300-350 words in 30 minutes
The following freesample TOEFL essays illustrate how to get a high score on the independent writing section of the iBT. By reading through the essays, you can learn how to:
- develop any topic into a well-organized, logical answer
- use synonyms to paraphrase the question
- use a variety of sentence structures & grammatical forms
- begin with a simple, strong introduction
- create body paragraphs that flow logically
- develop unity by linking the body paragraphs
- end with a memorable conclusion
Try to write an essay each day. The added practice will enable you to complete a strong essay, with ease, confidence, and speed, on the day of your TOEFL exam and throughout your life.